This item may be left blank for cases diagnosed prior to 2010.
If the patient has multiple surgeries of the primary site, this item describes the approach used for the most invasive, definitive surgery.
For ablation of skin tumors, assign code 3.
Assign code 2 or 4 if the surgery began as robotic assisted or endoscopic and was converted to open.
If both robotic and endoscopic or laparoscopic surgery are used, code to robotic (codes 1 or 2).
0 = No surgical procedure of primary site at this facility.
1 = Robotic assisted.
2 = Robotic converted to open.
3 = Endoscopic or laparoscopic.
4 = Endoscopic or laparoscopic converted to open.
5 = Open or approach unspecified.
9 = Unknown whether surgery was performed at this facility.
This item was first used for 2010 diagnoses.